The UN was established in 1945, after the conclusion of World War II. Its international charter allows it to act not only as a forum for international discussion, but also allows it to take action on a number of global issues through its various committees. The United Nations website lists the four main purposes of the UN as being:
- To keep peace throughout the world;
- To develop friendly relations among nations;
- To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms;
- To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.
The United Nations website goes on further to write about the work of the organization, stating that:
The work of the United Nations reaches every corner of the globe. Although best known for peacekeeping, peacebuilding, conflict prevention and humanitarian assistance, there are many other ways the United Nations and its System (specialized agencies, funds and programmes) affect our lives and make the world a better place. The Organization works on a broad range of fundamental issues, from sustainable development, environment and refugees protection, disaster relief, counter terrorism, disarmament and non-proliferation, to promoting democracy, human rights, gender equality and the advancement of women, governance, economic and social development and international health, clearing landmines, expanding food production, and more, in order to achieve its goals and coordinate efforts for a safer world for this and future generations.
On the other hand, we are acting as delegates from different countries participating in various committees. We will represent our country and discuss the issues for the committee.